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Heath Vandevender and Dennis Smith, Jr. 
Photo Credit: Jamie Shaw, @JamieShaw5.

By Lindsay Wagner
Senior Writer

When a coach at one of Fayetteville’s top private school basketball programs—a school that also happens to be the state’s top recipient of private school vouchers—pleaded guilty last summer in a Wake County courthouse to embezzling hundreds of thousands of tax withholding dollars he collected over eight years from the school’s employees, he received what some might consider an odd sentence.

Among the punishments handed down by the court for Heath Vandevender’s embezzlement activity at Trinity Christian School was 90 days in jail. He’s completing that sentence this fall by spending his weekends at the Cumberland County Detention Center.

But the sentence also allowed Vandevender to keep his job, despite having embezzled significant sums of money while employed by Trinity Christian—a school that has received more than $1.7 million in publicly-funded vouchers since 2014.

In between his weekend stints in jail, county and school officials say Vandevender continues coaching basketball and teaching journalism to high school students at Trinity Christian during the week.

It’s not the kind of thing that would typically happen at a public school.

“As a practical matter, we think it highly unlikely we would continue to employ this person given these facts unless there was something extraordinary going on,” said Ruben Reyes, the Associate Superintendent of Human Resources for Cumberland County Schools.

There are a couple of things that are extraordinary about Trinity Christian.

It’s the state’s number one recipient of private school vouchers—and it’s got one of the most competitive private school basketball programs in the state of North Carolina.

Embezzlement at a top publicly-funded, private basketball school

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Heath Vandevender. Photo Credit: Wake County District Court.

Since the mid 1990s, Heath Vandevender was not only a teacher and well-known coach at Trinity Christian, but also responsible for collecting employee tax withholdings and sending them on to the state’s Department of Revenue.

But beginning in 2008, Vandevender stopped transmitting those funds to the state—because, his attorneys told the court, he was just doing his part to keep the school up and running.

Between 2008 and 2015, Vandevender failed to remit to the state of North Carolina $388,422. The state found that those funds were reabsorbed into the general operating funds of the school—and they were not collected for Vandevender’s personal gain, his attorney said.

It remains unclear how those unremitted tax dollars were spent by Vandevender or other school officials while he continued to coach and teach during those eight years.

In his sentencing hearing, Vandevender’s attorney described to the court a struggling school that was serving a low-income population. But he failed to mention this about Trinity Christian: the school is known to many for producing highly competitive basketball players, many of whom Vandevender coached.

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Joey Baker. Photo Credit: Kelly Kline, Under Armour.

Dennis Smith Jr., is a Trinity Christian graduate who played one season at N.C. State before being drafted 9th overall in last year’s NBA Draft by the Dallas Mavericks. And earlier this week another of Vandevender’s players, the state’s top high school recruit Joey Baker, just committed to play for Duke. Baker is ranked number 13 in the nation by ESPN in a Class of 2019 database for recruiters.

Trinity Christian may not have fancy facilities or funds to pay for necessary repairs, but it does have one advantage over public schools, said Vandevender when speaking with a reporter with the Fayetteville Observer for a story that was published last weekend.

“I think the landscape and climate of not only private school basketball but Fayetteville basketball has changed,” said Vandevender. “I think with AAU (Amateur Athletic Union) over the last 10 to 15 years, and kids getting trainers and basically just playing year-round, you see private school has benefited from that.”

The Fayetteville Observer story goes on to explain that the better a school’s players, the higher a school’s profile and the more their players can travel to elite events that allow the school to display their talent. Private schools, unlike public schools, have the flexibility to accommodate these intense travel schedules.

Trinity Christian is a school that operates on a shoestring, as it’s portrayed by the attorney who defended Coach Vandevender’s pocketing of public dollars for the school’s gain.

Yet Trinity Christian still manages to find the means to produce elite basketball players. And its coach, who has been convicted of embezzling hundreds of thousands of tax dollars from employee paychecks, is at the center of the school’s rise to basketball powerhouse status.

The state’s number one recipient of school vouchers

While Trinity Christian has risen to the top of the pack for producing elite basketball players, it’s not the only “top” distinction the school possesses. It’s also the state’s top recipient of private school vouchers (known formally as the Opportunity Scholarship Program), taking in more than $1.7 million in public funds since 2014 to subsidize tuition for low-income students, according to public records.

Despite the fact that the publicly-funded school’s coach and high school journalism teacher is now a convicted felon, that hasn’t stopped him from continuing to work at the school in between stints in jail—or stopped the school from receiving public funds.

That’s because there is nothing in the school voucher law or associated regulations that would prevent a school receiving funds from the Opportunity Scholarship Program from employing someone who has been convicted of a felony. Only the head of the school is required to undergo and submit to the state a criminal background check, explained Kathryn Marker, a representative with the North Carolina State Education Assistance Authority (NCSEAA), the agency tasked with overseeing the state’s school voucher program.

“Whether the nonpublic schools have policies and practices regarding conducting background checks on its other personnel is up to each individual school,” said Marker.

Beginning in 2014, low-income families have been able to use up to $4,200 worth of publicly-funded vouchers each year at private, mostly religious schools. While proponents of the program say it offers struggling families access to better education alternatives than what may be offered by public schools, critics point to the fact that there is not enough accountability associated with the program, among other deficiencies.

Trinity Christian has run into difficulties complying with the state’s minimal standards for accountability and transparency for the voucher program. Initially, the school failed to submit an appropriate financial review to the state that is required if a school receives more than $300,000 in state voucher funds. That review also included a note that said the school was opposed to the payment of social security taxes on religious grounds, despite their willingness to accept public tax dollars to support their educational program.

Trinity Christian also has a long history of tax delinquency, having failed to make timely payments of federal and state payroll taxes dating back to the early 1990s.

Publicly-funded private basketball programs on the rise

Trinity Christian isn’t the only high profile private school basketball program to receive public dollars by way of the state’s school voucher program.

In the Fayetteville Observer story about the rise of Fayetteville’s private school basketball powerhouses, four of the five private schools mentioned have received vouchers since the Opportunity Scholarship Program’s inception in 2014.

Freedom Christian Academy follows Trinity Christian with the second highest total public dollars received—nearly $700 thousand over the past three and a half years.

Altogether, the four Fayetteville private schools that house elite basketball programs—Trinity Christian, Freedom Christian, Fayetteville Christian Academy and Northwood Temple—have taken in nearly $3 million in school vouchers since 2014.

As the state’s school voucher program continues to expand rapidly—it is slated to grow from an initial $10 million annual appropriation to $145 million annually by 2026, spending roughly $1 billion in taxpayer dollars over ten years—it is notable that four out of the top ten private school voucher recipients are big players in statewide private school basketball programs.

Among those include Word of God Christian Academy in Raleigh, which produced the Washington Wizards’ current point guard John Wall and has collected nearly $1.3 million in school voucher funds since 2014.

Mount Zion Christian Academy is another top voucher recipient. The Durham private school boasts as a pipeline for multiple NBA players over the years and is still considered a basketball powerhouse. That school has taken in nearly $800,000 in vouchers since 2014.


This article has been updated to note that Fayetteville Academy, not Fayetteville Christian School, is a voucher school that also houses a competitive basketball program in North Carolina.

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